Wednesday, January 9, 2019

How Nevada Revised Statutes Protects Victims of Sexual Assault

Nevada continues to fight a grueling battle against sexual assault cases in a bid to rid itself of its image as one of the states where rape and similar cases are prevalent. Through Nevada's Revised Statutes on sexual assault, the state handles various cases of sexual assault, gross lewdness, and rape, handing out severe penalties like life without parole for the most hardened sexual convicts.

Throughout these legal battles, the state does not overlook the victims that are caught in the mess. These victims receive various forms of protection as stipulated in the NRS for sexual crimes.

For most of the investigation and trial periods, sexual assault victims have their personal information redacted to protect their identity and dignity. These include names, photographs, addresses, testimonies, criminal history (if available), and other important information. Victims can also be given pseudonyms to further protect their real identity. In the event that such a release is authorized by court order, it should be done in a way that will not harm the victim in the long run.

In recent years, special organizations have sprung up aimed at protecting former, current, and future sexual assault victims. These include the Nevada Rape Crisis Center's regular fundraisers and awareness programs about sexual assault cases in the State. Las Vegas Police also hold the Stay SAFE (Sexual Assault-Free Environment) program to train bouncers, security officers and bartenders to spot and prevent potential sexual assault incidents in bars and similar establishments, as many of these cases happen in such locations.

Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Testing and Penalties for Drugged Driving in Nevada

Drugged driving is a major public problem in major commercial centers across the country. Inebriated drivers who can't properly control their vehicles are an ever-present threat, and local and federal governments continue to seek ways to minimize, if not outright eliminate, drugged driving incidents. Nevada's revised statutes on drugged driving are just a typical example.

As per the NRS, drugged driving is the act of controlling any motor vehicle on a highway or public space after inhaling, applying, or ingesting chemical substances. Counted under DUI cases, drugged driving is affected by a no-tolerance policy; an arrest can immediately lead to a conviction if the evidence is strong enough.

There are a few ways that Nevada's law enforcement officers can determine if a person is driving under the influence of drugs. One would be field tests, similar to sobriety tests for DUI but following a different procedure. Those caught in or near urban centers like The Strip can be taken directly to the nearest precinct for urine or blood sample testing.

One cannot refuse a drug test for drugged driving. Any signs of refusing would give the officer on scene probable cause to arrest the individual. If convicted, the driver can face a minimum of 48 hours of mandatory detention and $500 in fines, to over 20 years in jail time and massive fees in the event of a DUI-induced accident with fatalities.

Drug Trafficking Schedules and Penalties, According to the NRS

Nevada's Revised Statutes on drug trafficking are very particular about what constitutes a drug trafficking charge. To wit, it involves producing, selling, and delivering illicit substances, with full knowledge of the consequences of such acts. One can be charged for drug trafficking even if there are no drugs on their person, as long as such drugs can be found in their possession through a search. Take note, however, that the amount of drugs need to be within prohibited schedules and amounts to count as trafficking; otherwise, it can be downgraded to simply selling drugs.

The NRS has five schedules for prohibited substances. These schedules are listed below.

Schedule I
  • Heroin
  • Methamphetamine
  • PCP
  • Ecstasy
  • LSD
  • GHB
  • Mescaline
  • Peyote
Schedule II
  • Cocaine
  • Opium
  • Morphine
  • Oxycodone
  • Methadone
  • Methylphenidate or Ritalin
  • Codeine
  • Hydrocodone
Schedule III
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Ketamine
  • Testosterone
Schedule IV
  • Xanax
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Valium
  • Ambien
  • Sedatives
  • Tranquilizers
Schedule V
  • Substances containing very small amounts of other drugs, like prescription medication
Penalties for drug trafficking in Nevada can be severe, especially for Schedule I substances. These include prison time ranging from one year, to lifetime incarceration without parole, and between $50,000 and $500,000 in fines.